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Tour Turkmenistan.The Golden Age.

Valley in Kazakhstan

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Preliminary Tour Itinerary

Itinerary: Ashgabat, Mary, Merv, Serdar, Dekhistan, Balkanabat, Yangikala, Turkmenbashi, Darwaza, Ashgabat.
Duration: 11 days

Zailijsky Alatau Mountain gorge to the Tien-Shan Astronomical Observatory, Kazakhstan

Day 1: Ashgabat. Turkmen Carpet Day.
Ashgabat. Arrival by flight xx ETA xxxxh early in the morning. Transfer to hotel. Check-in and overnight. Late morning city tour, with visits of Ertogrul Gazy Mosque, Independence Park, Neutrality Arch and Turkmenbashi Ruhy Mosque and Carpet Museum. Turkmen Carpet Day: celebrations and traditions. Valley in Kazakhstan

Day 2: Ashgabat. The Parthian Fortresses of Nisa. Firuza gorge.
Ashgabat. Visit to National Museum, The Parthian Fortresses of Nisa (UNESCO). The Fortresses of Nisa is the spot of one of the earliest and most important cities of the Parthian Empire, a major power from the III century BC to the III century AD. The archaeological remains vividly illustrate the significant interaction of cultural influences from central Asia and from the Mediterranean world. Situated at the crossroads of important commercial and strategic axes, this powerful Parthian empire formed a barrier to Roman expansion while serving as an important communication and trading centre between east and west, north and south. Afternoon drive to Archabil (former Firuza gorge), explore the Kopet Dag nature.

Zailijsky Alatau Mountain gorge to the Tien-Shan Astronomical Observatory, Kazakhstan

Day 3: Ashgabat-Mary.
Transfer to Mary, with visits of Anau Mosque remains, Abiverd Silk Road Town remains on the way. Abiverd is an ancient town through which once passed The Great Silk Road. In 1221 Abiverd fell into the hands of Mongols and the town was destroyed. The mausoleum of Abu Said Makneyi was built in 11th century and has the double dome typical for mausoleums of that time. The portal of the mausoleum is decorated with mosaics while inner part is has mostly inscriptions.


Day 4: Mary- Ashgabat.
Visit to Merv (UNESCO), History Museum of Merv region. The State Historical and Cultural Park "Ancient Merv" is the oldest and most completely preserved of the oasis cities along the Silk Roads in Central Asia. It is located in the territory of Mary velayat of Turkmenistan. It has supported a series of urban centers since the 3rd millennium BC and played an important role in the history of the East connected with the unparalleled existence of cultural landscape and exceptional variety of cultures which existed within the Murgab river oasis being in continually interactions and successive development. It reached its apogee Valley in Kazakhstanduring the Muslim epoch and became a capital of the Arabic Caliphate at the beginning of 9th century and as a capital of the Great Seljuks Empire at the 11th-12th centuries. Today "Ancient Merv" is a large archaeological park which includes remains of Bronze Age centres (2500-1200 BC) such as Kelleli, Adji Kui, Taip, Gonur, and Togoluk; Iron Age centres (1200-300 BC) such as Yaz/Gobekli Depes and Takhirbaj Depe; the historic urban centre and the post-medieval city, Abdullah Khan Kala. The inscribed property covers the area of 353 ha with a buffer zone of 883 ha. Afternoon visit to Talkhatan Baba and Ahun Baba mosques. Evening flight to Ashgabat (ETD 20:40h, ETA 21:20h).

Day 5: Ashgabat-Serdar.
Transfer to Bami via Turkmenbashi Mosque-Mausoleum, Geok Depe Mosque, Kowata Underground Lake. Stop in Nohur, visit to tribal cemetery and silk weaving home workshops. Proceed to Serdar town for overnight.

Day 6: Serdar-Dekhistan-Balkanabat.
Transfer to Dehistan Silk Road Town remains via Kopet Dag Mountains, lunar landscapes near Karakala and Sumbar River valley. Picnic lunch on the way. After sightseeing proceed to Balkanabat for overnight.

Zailijsky Alatau Mountain gorge to the Tien-Shan Astronomical Observatory, Kazakhstan

Day 7: Balkanabat-Yangykala. 
Yangykala canyon is a breathtaking natural attraction in Turkmenistan with bands of colorful pink, red and yellow rock searing across the sides of steep walls. Transfer to the Yangykala Canyons, via Gozli Ata pilgrim site and Kemal Ata volcanic rock formations. Picnic lunch on the way. Overnight at pilgrim house Gozli Ata.

Day 8: Yangykala-Turkmenbashi 
Time to explore canyons, proceed to Turkmenbashi. Visit to the harbor and local bazaar. Accommodation and overnight at hotel on Caspian Sea coast.

Day 9: Turkmenbashi- Ashgabat-Darwaza
Time at leisure in Awaza resort. Transfer to the airport for midday flight to Ashgabat, (ETD 13:00h, ETA 14:00h). Upon arrival transfer to Darwaza. En route stop at Erbent desert village on the way. Set up camp. Camp dinner and overnight in tent.

Day 10: Darwaza-Dashoguz- Ashgabat
Transfer to Dashoguz, with visit of Kunya Urgench (UNESCO) on the way. Transfer to Dashoguz for evening flight to Ashgabat *ETD 20:10h, ETA 21:00h). Transfer to hotel for overnight. species.

Day 11: Ashgabat  
Transfer to the airport for departure flight to next destination.

Ili River delta, Kazakhstan

Kunya Urgench (UNESCO)(Photo by Dr. Vyacheslav Dushenkov)


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